The PAIS Project will work with state agencies to enhance their capacity to address corruption complaints both internally and externally. We believes that when frameworks and actual practice by agencies to address corruption are working well, it enhances the agency’s reputation and strengthens public trust in that agency.
With funding support from the European Union, TIPNG will carry out the four (4) Key Interventions under PAIS:
- National Integrity Systems Assessment
- NIS Assessment Report
- Agency level meetings
- Advisory Group
- Inception Workshop
- National Anti-Corruption Summit
- February 2020 National Summit
- November 2020 National Summit
- Development of Anti-Corruption Policies with agencies
- MoU signings
- Agency Workshops
- Investigative Journalism & Civil Society – building a coalition against corruption
- Anti-Corruption Media Awards
- Media Trainings
- Civil Society Workshops
Building on from the past
2003 National Integrity Systems Assessment (NISA) Report
The last NISA for Papua New Guinea was done in 2003. In this report, it was observed that there were adequate anti-corruption laws available in Papua New Guinea (Sections 87, 88, 92 and 97 of the Criminal Code refer to fraud, undue influence, tendering and bribery). The weakness however was in the effective implementation and policing of these laws.
1. There is a need for an Independent Commission Against Corruption
2. The Ombudsman needs more teeth
3. Civil society needs to exert more public pressure on leaders to make them understand that ordinary people understand the costs of corruption to the society
They were critical of the political process and the fact that there is a widespread misconception that politics is a means to attaining personal wealth. This is because so many politicians begin their political careers as ex public servants or ordinary people and “graduate” to being business persons by the time they leave politics. This has been exacerbated by the fact that so few members of parliament are returned at subsequent elections and therefore there is a temptation to get as much as they can while they can rather than provide services for their electorates.
Particular examples of corruption were identified:
For Senior Public Leaders:
1. Contractual anomalies such as contracting government business to one’s self, front company or a relative
2. Appointing relatives or wantoks to public office
3. Gaining of wealth through public office such as expensive houses and four wheel drive vehicles
For more junior officers:
1. Seeking a fee for provision of services such as a “six pack” or a favour or a small payment
2. Abuse of police powers
3. Employment of relatives or wantoks
4. Misuse of government assets particularly vehicles
The report called for a more active engagement of civil society through screening of political candidates, engagement in the procurement process (supply and tenders board), and seeking to have the Consultative Implementation and Monitoring Council prepare a bi-annual report card on the government’s performance.
2020 National Integrity Systems Assessment (NISA)
The PAIS Project will revamp the NIS Assessment survey tool and evaluate key public institutions and non-state actors in Papua New Guinea’s governance system with regard to their overall capacity, internal governance systems and procedures and role in the overall integrity system.
The National Integrity System is a framework developed and promoted by Transparency International as part of a holistic approach to combating corruption. When governance institutions function optimally, they constitute a healthy and robust National Integrity System (NIS). On the other hand, when these institutions lack appropriate and effective internal procedures, corruption is likely to thrive.
Thus, strengthening the NIS promotes better governance in a country and as a result contributes to a more just society, with more opportunities for national development and growth.
There are 13 pillars in the methodology of the NIS. The pillars are those public institutions and groups of actors which have the power to influence how a country is being governed. The pillars usually comprise of the following:
- Public Sector
- Law Enforcement Agencies
- Electoral Management Body
- Supreme Audit Institutions
- Anti-corruption agencies
- Political Parties
- Civil Society
Each pillar in turn is assessed along 3 dimensions:
- The institution’s overall capacity to function
- Its own internal governance in terms of integrity, transparency and accountability
- Its role in contributing to the overall integrity of the national governance system
Working in Partnership to Strengthen and Promote Integrity
The renewed commitment of the Government to improve Governance and Law Enforcement in the country through the enactment and establishment of an Independent Commission Against Corruption (ICAC) gives us all an added impetus to align with the a vision of a country that seriously addresses corruption.
The PAIS project is funded by the European Union, who strongly believe in the importance of promoting good governance, a cornerstone of the EU development cooperation and one of the Sustainable Development goals SDG 16 – to promote peaceful and inclusive institutions at all levels.